13 Jan Active Bribery
Active bribery refers to the act of promising or giving the bribe, as opposed to the act of receiving a bribe (passive bribery). The term does not mean the active briber has taken the initiative, since the bribe may have been demanded by the receiving party (who commits “passive bribery”). When a citizen reluctantly makes an informal payment in order to receive medical care, which would be refused otherwise, she is nevertheless committing active bribery. The distinction between active and passive bribery is primarily made in legal definitions, which need to be precise and allow for the possibility to sanction either side of the transaction, as appropriate.
Word in Use:
“French prosecutors now allege that DCNS engaged in “Active bribery of foreign public officials” to win a $US2 billion contract in 2002 to build two Scorpene-class submarines for Malaysia.” The Sydney Morning Herald, May 23, 2016, “Contract-winning French sub builder DCNS tied up in deadly Malaysian bribery saga”
Bribery is thought to be around one trillion dollars worldwide according to BBC news UK, although UNISHKA believes this number to be grossly understated (“BBC NEWS – Business – African corruption ‘on the wane‘“. bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2009-04-22.).« Back to Glossary Index